Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints and presents itself in different forms. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) are some of the types of arthritis. RA and OA affect joints in the body with the same conditions, but they are of different formation and presentation. These conditions are a result of autoimmune disorders and degenerative disorders. An autoimmune disorder is a condition where a body launches an attack against itself. On the other hand, a degenerative disorder is the degeneration of body cells due to changes which that cause deterioration of tissues or organs in the body.
RA is an autoimmune disorder where the body responds to the soft lining covering joints as a threat. This causes accumulation of fluids within the joints. The results are swelling, pain, stiffness, and inflammation around joints. OA, on the other hand, is a common degenerative disorder. In this condition, cartilage breakdown and fail to cushion joints (Pelletier, 2012). As a result, bones rub against each other and expose nerves resulting to pain and inflammation. Both conditions are common in women than in men. They also occur in old age, but RA can attack at any age. OA can be a result of overweight, joint deformations, diabetes, and extended injuries to joints or gout. More so, RA can be hereditary.
RA symptoms include pain in joints, fever in
children, muscle pains, and excessive fatigue. The disease can spread in the
whole body. However, OA might not present any symptoms and is limited to joints
only (Pelletier, 2012). Observable symptoms of OA include bone spurs and lumps
around joints. RA can affect large joint such as knees, shoulders, and ankles
while OA is common in hands and fingers and can affect the hips and spine.
These conditions are not curable but can be managed for pain reduction, improve
functionality and reduce joint damages.
(2012). Skeletal involvement in the pathogenesis and outcomes of rheumatoid
arthritis and osteoarthritis. Arthritis Research & Therapy, 14(Suppl
1), O16. doi: 10.1186/ar3571
The post Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis- Essay help appeared first on Tiptop Essays.