Over the semester we’ve discussed three distinct labor systems: craft unionism (artisanal labor with skilled workers organized by craft), industrial unionism (mass production with manufacturing workers organized by industry), and lean manufacturing (flexible labor systems). Provide a brief history of each labor system. Consider the impact of political, economic, and social trends when describing the evolution of these labor systems over time. Please reference at least one reading for each of the three labor systems.
Craft unionism: Katherine Stone
Industrial unionism: Frederick Taylor
Lean Manufacturing: James Womack