California Health Center, a for-profit hospital, is evaluating the purchase of new diagnostic equipment.
The equipment, which costs $600,000, has an expected life of five years and an estimated pretax salvage
value of $200,000 at that time. The equipment is expected to be used 15 times a day for 250 days a year
for each year of the project’s life. On average, each procedure is expected to generate $80 in collections,
which is net of bad debt losses and contractual allowances, in its first year of use. Thus, net revenues for
Year 1 are estimated at 15 X 250 X $80 = $300,000.
Labor and maintenance costs are expected to be $100,000 during the first year of operation, while utilities
will cost another $10,000 and cash overhead will increase by $5,000 in Year 1. The cost for expendable
supplies is expected to average $5 per procedure during the first year. All costs and revenues, except
depreciation, are expected to increase at a 5 percent inflation rate after the first year.
The equipment falls into the MACRS five-year class for tax depreciation and hence is subject to the
following depreciation allowances:
The hospital’s tax rate is 40 percent, and its corporate cost of capital is 10 percent.
a. Estimate the project’s net cash flows over its five-year estimated life.
b. What are the project’s NPV and IRR? (Assume that the project has average risk.)