A federal judge in the US refers to a judge appointed by the President and approved by the US Senate. The judges serve “during good behavior”, which is often related to a “lifetime appointment.” The judges hold their positions until they are impeached, resign or die. Several reasons exist on why federal judges lack term limits on their positions. The primary reason is the fact that term limits make the Supreme Court increasingly predictable. The downside of the “lifetime appointments” is that longer terms mean that the judges lose touch with reality. Having a term limit of about 15 years breathes new life into the Supreme Courts.
Courte judge Antonin Scalia died, the Senate issued a statement claiming that
the task of nominating a new Supreme Court judge should be left to the next US
President. Hence, the Senate were not prepared to consider any nominee that
Obama put forth. However, President Obama declared that he intends to carry out
his constitutional duty and nominate a judge. There was also no “well
established tradition” barring the President from filling a Supreme Court
position during his last year in office. In a unanimous move, the Senate
refused to consider Merrick Garland’s submission holding neither a hearing nor
voting. This led to the nomination period expiring after 293 days.
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