Poverty has many dimensions and is often entrenched. In Fair Society, Healthy Lives: A Strategic Review of Health Inequalities in England Post-2010 (the Marmot Review) the authors argue that society can become less unequal by:
1. Giving every child the best start in life
2. Enabling all children, young people and adults to maximise their capabilities and have control over their lives
Creating fair employment and good work for all
4. Ensuring a healthy standard of living for all
5. Creating and developing healthy and sustainable places and communities
6. Strengthening the role and impact of ill-health prevention.
However, 5 years on, forecasts suggest that targets to end child poverty in England are not likely to be met and according to the Department of Works and Pensions (June 2015) the number of UK children classed as living in relative poverty remains 2.3 million or one in 6, which has serious implications for present and future generations of children.
In the context of the Marmot Review’s recommendations above, critically discuss the causes and consequences of child poverty and how public health professionals (including environmental health) could help society become less unequal for children in the future.
The relationship between food and health is complex.
Critically examine the evidence for the involvement of diet as a major determinant in mortality and morbidity in the UK.
Discuss the role of the Environmental/Public health Practitioner in minimising the impact of diet as a health stressor and the challenges to effective intervention.