Authors: Publisher:Counseling Systems and Techniques
Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy: A Case Approach
2nd Edition, 2009-Counseling Systems and Techniques
ISBN-10: 0132286521; ISBN-13: 9780132286527
Nancy L. Murdock
PSY 525 Counseling Systems and Techniques
Unit 1 Examination
Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)
1. A counseling theory:
a. helps therapists organize information about their clients.
b. may lead a therapist to view a client from a biased perspective. c. contributes to the gap between theory and practice.
d. both a and b are true.
2. Counseling theories provide therapists with:
a. fancy ways to talk to their clients about their presenting problems. b. a method to identify with their clients.
c. a professional schemata.
d. alternative to relying on self-disclosure during therapy sessions.
3. A good counseling theory is:
b. has empirical support. c. fits the client well.
d. a and b
4. The most important point of Project MATCH was to:
a. conduct a bigger, better, psychotherapy outcome study.
b. discover the unique ingredients of the Alcoholics Anonymous approach.
c. look at the effectiveness of three approaches to therapy with many kinds of clients. d. assess the effects of client characteristics in psychotherapy outcome.
5. The Consumer Reports study was controversial because:
a. it used retrospective reports of clients. b. it was not an experimental study.
c. the therapists in the study were atheoretical. d. a and b
6. The Scientist-Practitioner Model means that:
a. all counselors should be scientists.
b. all counseling should be conducted in a laboratory.
c. most of the standard counseling theories should be abandoned. d. none of the above
7. The role of the analyst is BEST characterized as that of:
a. a sage.
b. a teacher.
c. a fellow traveler. d. a doctor.
8. Susan, the analyst, looks forward to her 10:00 client on Fridays. She spends a lot of time reading about issues relevant to this client’s presentation. Susan is probably experiencing:
a. countertransference. b. transference.
c. sublimation. d. burnout.
9. Traditional psychoanalysis is:
a. well supported by research.
b. popular with insurance companies. c. not supported by research.
d. never practiced anymore.
10. The primary purpose of the training analysis is:
a. to prevent countertransference.
b. to make sure that the therapist knows her theory.
c. to examine parallel processes between client and counselor. d. to ensure the continuation of psychoanalytic psychotherapy.
11. Susan is an analyst who is working with her client Chloe and asks Chloe to “free associate” and tell Susan everything that comes into her mind. Chloe does not disclose everything that she is thinking because she does not feel that it is relevant to the session. Chloe has:
a. violated the Fundamental Rule of Psychoanalysis. b. assumed the role of the analyst.
c. taken the “back seat”.
d. completed her formal assessment.
12. Which of the following is true regarding the Id and the Ego?
a. The goal of the id is to seek pleasure and avoid pain, and the goal of the Ego is to satisfy the Id and keep the individual safe.
b. Topographically, the Id represents unconsciousness and the Ego represents consciousness. c. The Id neutralizes pressure that the individual experiences from the environment and the
Ego provides a moral guide for the individual.
d. The Id operates according to secondary process and the Ego operates according to primary process.
13. Women experience a more difficult development path, according to Freud, because they:
a. are inherently inferior to men. b. have male relatives.
c. do not develop egos.
d. don’t experience a fear of castration.
14. The end result of SP therapy is:
a. to rebuild the self rather than insight or expansion of the ego’s capacities. b. to repress all unpleasant childhood memories.
c. to be more in touch with the sexual and aggressive aspects of one’s personality. d. to have more friends.
15. The core of therapy in the SP model is:
b. enlightenment. c. empathy.
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