Co-morbidities present life-threatening conditions for a patient as response to therapy is very low. As a result, these patients need to receive a thorough medical and health care so that to manage their health conditions. This essay explores the roles of a registered nurse and interdisciplinary interventions in dealing with patients suffering from chronic diseases.
In health care provision, it is important to consider individuals who have multiple medical conditions whose numbers are on the rise. In fact, many people in the United States, seeking health care are people who have more than one medical condition. Co-morbidities refer to the presence of one or more disorders, with the primary disorder or disease (Stuart and Boone, 2012). A comorbidity condition exists independently, but simultaneously with another medical condition. This condition is prevalent in hospitals, which offer treatment to very many illnesses. This is why it becomes absolutely important to treat chronic diseases which have been declared by the World Health Organization as a threat to the people for instance diabetes and tuberculosis (Doehner et al., 2012). Additionally, there are increased research studies on the epidemiological patterns of most chronic diseases to give an insight into the efforts being made to counter them.
The data obtained from the clinical researches involving co-morbidities depend on the experience of the clinicians and their ability to carry out clinical and instrumentally qualifies diagnosis of medical conditions.
There are a number of rules which needs to be followed in the classification of commodities. Initially, the primary disease needs to be identified and treated. Priority should be given to the primary disease because they are life threatening and can cause death of the patients or long lasting disabilities (Tschöpe et al., 2013). The primary disease is the prime reason as to why patients seek medical help from the clinicians and the reason as to why most patients succumb to illnesses. The second step is to identify the rival diseases which differ in both etiology and presentation. However, still the rival diseases in a patient have equal opportunities for a primary disease, although each of them has an ability to cause death to the patient. Polypathia are diseases which cannot cause death to the patient individually, but once they attack the patient at the same time, they can cause death.
There are several factors which influence the onset of comorbidities for instance biological as well as genetic factors of the patient. Since these factors are crucial in the manner in which a disease begins, they can also be crucial to the presentation of more than one clinical condition in the same individual (Wasem et al., 2013). When comorbidity occurs through either selection bias or by chance, it results in the development of errors regarding causality. Selection bias occurs when patients seek care than in the generation population leading to development of clusters.
When making a decision on the diagnosis as well as the treatment to be taken, it is important that the clinicians take into account the possibility of existence of comorbidity. Proper inquiries regarding any unusual anatomical features and functional disorders should be thoroughly probed. If an unusual sign and symptom is noticed, the nurse should perform a thorough examination to determine its cause (Rathod et al 2015). Other issues implicated to comorbidity is prescription of many drugs simultaneously, which makes very hard for the therapy to ineffective while the losses in terms of money to cater for medical expenses are on the rise. It is a common problem for comorbid patients to fail to comply with the many medicines that they are placed under, which leads to the development of systematic side effects of drugs (Tanev et al., 2014). The side effect of drugs mainly occurs in older patients as a result of polypharmacy.