Sunburn – How To Get Speedy Relief

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Sunburn has a nasty habit of creeping up on you. Suddenly you’re aware of being sore just where you were getting a nice tan. It’s even quite painful when you touch it. You thought you were covered up enough, and you’d taken other precautions like avoiding direct sunlight as far as possible. But if you’re on holiday in a hot country (or in high mountains), and the sun is so inviting, it’s easy to misjudge how much exposure your skin can take.

That’s often the trouble. If you’re not used to being in fierce sunlight then how do you know how much of it your skin can take without burning? It’s a gamble when you’re trying to figure out how much exposure is safe, how much you can “get away with”.

So in this situation don’t be desperate to “get a tan”. If your skin tans naturally, you’ll get your tan without stripping half naked. If your skin doesn’t tan, or goes into red blotches when exposed to the sun for a while, you’ll have to accept that you’re unfortunately never going to have tanned skin, and that it’s important you stay covered up as far as possible.

So much for prevention. What about the cure?

Unfortunately there isn’t any real cure, as such, for sunburn. It’s a case of nursing your damaged skin back to health. Of course the pharmaceutical industry would like us to believe their products can prevent or cure sunburn. Be wary of these claims. I’m going to cover a few ways of recovering from sunburn using wholly natural substances.

And what could be more natural than water? Run a cool bath and add a cupful of vinegar, preferably white vinegar. If you don’t have any vinegar then just cool water will do. After soaking all affected areas, pat dry and put some chilled moisturiser on.

Alternatively add a little bicarbonate of soda to tepid bath water and after soaking all affected areas allow to dry naturally without toweling.

Don’t be tempted to have a bubble bath, or to use soap or soapy water on any sunburnt skin.

What you can use on it are aloe vera (though test on a small area first in case you’re allergic to it), slices of vegetable (cucumber, potato or apple are best), and natural yoghurt (rinse this off under a cool shower).

Another thing that can be very beneficial is cotton wool soaked in lettuce juice. Boil the lettuce in water, strain, cool in the refrigerator for a few hours, or overnight, and then put some cotton wool into the liquid. Apply to the affected area by pressing or stroking.

Rapid temporary relief can be obtained by applying some witch hazel with a cloth. Use a cotton wool bud or similar for smaller areas.

Alternatively take some corn flour, add enough water to make it into a paste, and gently spread it onto the affected area.

All the while drink plenty of non-alcoholic fluids, as your body will need them to repair and replace the damaged skin cells. Maintain a balanced diet for the same reason.

If your feet or legs are burnt it helps to raise them above the level of your heart. This reduces the pain and is a good excuse to sit with your feet up for a day or two!

Some people advocate the use of ice packs. These usually relieve some of the soreness (even a packet of frozen peas, in an emergency), but be sure to wrap an ice pack in a sheet or towel rather than apply it direct to the skin.

If your eyelids are sore from sunburn, soak a couple of tea bags in cool water to help reduce the swelling and relieve the soreness.

You may find the next suggestion distasteful, in which case ignore it. However, many people have found relief from sunburn by actually collecting their own urine, soaking a cloth in it and applying it to the affected area. If you are suffering greatly from sunburn then you may just be prepared to try that.

If your back or sides are sunburnt then sleeping can be a big problem. But you need a good night’s sleep more than ever when you’re battling sunburn. Shake a tin of talcum powder over your bed sheets to make movements in bed easier.

Remember, certain kinds of drugs, anti biotics, tranquillisers, and so on, can cause reactions to your skin if taken at this time. If this applies to you, seek medical advice.

If you have blisters form on your sunburnt skin you may be tempted to burst them in order to relieve the pressure and the pain. Only do this with a sharp pin that you have sanitised by holding over a naked flame. Carefully squeeze the liquid out and soak up with a paper tissue. Never remove the skin covering the blister as this is protecting the new skin growing underneath.

Finally, sun-damaged skin can take 3 to 6 months to heal fully, so avoid further sun damage, especially within that time. Wear proper clothing, including a hat, when out in the sun, and avoid going out as far as possible in the hours around midday. And if you normally live in a temperate climate try and avoid travel to a hot climate, or a skiing holiday, until you have fully recovered.

So you can pack your bags for the beaches now confident that you have the best chance of not spoiling your enjoyment of all the sunshine.

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Source by Philip Gegan

The History of Surgical Technology

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Surgical technologists are not as well known as other healthcare professionals such as doctors and nurses, yet they play the all important role of assisting surgeons during surgical procedures.

Surgical technology is a recent profession that resulted from the need for trained medical personnel after the succession of wars that plagued the world in the last century severely decimated their numbers. Many nurses and doctors were called to serve during theses wars to attend to medical needs of the soldiers on the battlefront, and those wounded and confined in medical camps and hospitals as well.

Surgical technology rose from the ashes of the succession of world wars participated in by the United States: World War I (1914-1918), World War II (1939-1945), the Korean War (1950-1953), and the Vietnam War (1945-1975). During World War I, Army medics were conscripted and trained to give emergency services. Nurses were not allowed to serve on the battlefield but were confined to medical stations. The Army medic’s counterpart in the Navy was the medical corpsman since women were not allowed aboard combat ships at that time.

Thus the role of operating room technicians, or ORTs, was thus created. ORTs took the place of female nurses in the battlefield. They received training through an accelerated nursing program that emphasized on operating room technology and received on-the-job training in the surgery department. Their studies included sterilization of instruments, care of operating room patients, suturing, draping and instrumentation. They likewise received Emergency Room training.

After the Korean War, the shortage of nurses to work in operating rooms in the United States led to the hiring of ex-medics and ex-corpsmen to work in civilian hospitals. These ex-military men performed. Over time, this arrangement led to the evolution of the title of ‘operating room technician’ to ‘surgical technologist’.

Improvements in surgical technology that started in the late ’60s led to the formalization of the role of surgical technologists in the ’70s. More and more institutions began designing and developing surgical technology programs. In 1968, the Association of Operating Room Technicians was created. This was composed of two committees: the Joint Committee on Education, and the Liaison Council on Certification for the Surgical Technologist. Successful examinees to the first certification test that was given in 1970 were bestowed the title of Certified Operating Room Technician (CORT or OR Tech). In 1973, the Association of Operating Room Technicians changed their name to the Association of Surgical Technologists (AST), now an independent body. They changed the title Certified Operating Room Technician to Surgical Technologist, thus creating a new name. Since 1973, the AST has been diligently working to promote excellence in the surgical technology profession.

In 1974, an accreditation body was created to ensure quality education for the surgical technician. The Accreditation Review Committee for Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting imposed as an entry level to surgical technology education a two-year associate’s degree. Today, aspiring surgical technologists are required to take the national certification examination designed by the National Board of Surgical Technologists and Surgical Assistants (NBSTSA) in order to qualify as Certified Surgical Technologists, or CSTs. This certification is renewable by reexamination.

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Source by Kevin Wolfe

Carbuncles, Furuncles and Boils Oh My!

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DO NOT SQEEZE A BOIL. Yes, it looks like a giant pimple and it is red and hot and has a head. Do not squeeze it. It is a communicable staph infection that you don’t want to drive into the blood stream. A Carbuncle is a boil with two or more heads and a Furuncle is a boil with one head. All will be treated here as just BOILS. A boil is NOT an acne pimple. Do NOT treat it as an acne pimple.

Whenever you deal with the boil, wear disposable rubber gloves. Launder some rags with hot water and bleach. Use them or paper towels, toilet paper, gauze or cotton squares. Everything must be clean and cleaned up afterwards. Everything must be thrown away.

With the clean, disposable rags, make hot compresses. Just put the rags in hot water and wring out. Hold a compress over the boil until the rag cools. Do this a few times a day until the boil comes to a head. You will see a green or yellow dot in the middle. The boil will be hot and painful. It may turn the skin red, yellow, gray or even green. Do NOT pick the head or dot in the middle.

Apply OTC Ichthammol 20% to the boil. If your drug store doesn’t have it, you can order it on line. The price is about $6. It is also called Black Ointment or Black Drawing Salve. Use a disposable implement to apply it: a tongue depressor, back of a plastic spoon, a plastic knife, or a gloved finger. Apply rather thickly to the center, and then bandage to keep the black off your clothes. Throw away the tools and gloves.

Some doctors say to leave the boil open to the air to dry it out. I prefer to cover it with a bandage or a cushion of gauze held on with adhesive tape. If the boil pops, the pus won’t get on your clothes and it won’t get on other people. A good pad of gauze can cushion the boil against discomfort from clothes or just daily living. If the boil oozes, it will stick to the bandage. This is GOOD. When you rip off the bandage, the head of the boil will stick to the bandage. This will open the boil so you can clean it.

When you are ready to clean the boil, wear disposable gloves and have an abundance of disposable rags or tissue, etc. Have plastic bags to throw away all the contaminated material. You are dealing with something highly contagious. Look at the boil and how it mounds up. Go the edge of boil where the skin is still flat. With tissue over your fingers, press down and OUT, away from the center of the boil. This is different from how you treat a pimple. Do NOT press IN. Pressing in could cause the infection to go deeper into your body. Press OUT. If nothing happens, leave it alone. Put on a hot compress; remove it; and then bandage.

Eventually when you press down and out, the head will pop and pus will come out. Clean it up with toilet paper or tissue. Look at the pus. What you are looking for is a core of hard tissue. It may be white, red, or green. It may look flat on the top and taper to a point like a cone. It may not come out the first time that you clean the boil. After pressing on one side of the boil, move your fingers perpendicular to the position that they were in, and press down and out again. This will be very painful to the “victim” so be gentle. Eventually no more pus will come out. Clean up the area and bandage. Put all the contaminated paper and gloves into a plastic bag to tie up and dispose of.

The next day, do the same. You may have more pus than the day before. When the core of hard tissue comes out you will feel rewarded because you know that you are on the road to recovery. The boil will drain more easily after the core comes out.

Every day continue with hot compresses, pressing OUT, and bandaging. Anytime that pus comes in contact with anything not disposable, clean the area or item with Clorox. Some people advocating putting a drop of Clorox on the bandage to kill the germs. I don’t usually do this because it can sting.

Eventually no more pus will come out. Keep the area bandaged until all weeping is finished and the boil heals.

Towels, wash cloths, sheets, pajamas, etc. used by the patient should not be shared and must be changed and washed daily in hot water with Clorox. It is better to take a shower than a tub bath. If the boil were to pop in the tub, the pus would get in the water. With a shower, the pus would wash off in the flow of the water. After a shower, the shower floor should be doused with Clorox. Rubber shower mats can be washed in the washing machine with hot water and Clorox. Strict hygiene measures must be followed to prevent the spread of boils to other areas of the body and to family members.

Strengthening your immune system with extra Vitamin C may help prevent and heal a boil. Some people believe that Echinacea and Golden Seal supplements act as natural antibiotics. Pregnant or nursing women should not take Golden Seal, nor should people with high blood pressure, kidney or liver problems.

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Source by Mimi Barre

6 Tips to Use Job Boards For a Nursing Job Search

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Are you looking for a nursing job? Given below are some tips to use this method to look for the jobs that you desire.

Search Aggregators

Before job aggregators, job boards had got a lot of problems. And one of the problems was that you could end up in a rabbit hole looking for different jobs on different sites. Nowadays, you can get everything in one place.

For instance, you can look for jobs indexed on Monster, HealthECareers, CareerBuilder, and HealthJobsNationwide, just to name a few. These platforms will save you plenty of time over the long haul.

Register on The Job Boards

Nowadays, the majority of job boards let you upload resumes. So, we suggest that you sign up on these job boards. The jobs may be duplicated, but your efforts won’t be duplicated.

Actually, job boards offer recruitment services through back-end apps. With their recruitment subscriptions, recruiters can look into their databases for potential candidates. Moreover, some apps provide sophisticated tools that assist recruiters in screening potential candidates.

Create a Job Search Email Address

You may get tons of spam emails when you sign up with different career services of job boards. Aside from this, your contact details may get sold again and again. In case of job boards, the moderators of job boards won’t even let their customers access your information on the site. So, we suggest that you create a Gmail account in order to prevent unwanted emails from falling into your inbox.

Create a Job Search Telephone Number

Once you have created a Gmail account, you will be able to create a Google Voice account for free of charge. This service allows you to choose a phone number so you can forward the calls to your number. If you are unavailable, the caller will be able to leave their message on our phone. Moreover, Google Voice can transcribe your message into text. If you set up your phone number, you won’t receive unwanted calls or messages.

Check Craigslist

While Craigslist is old, many jobs still get posted on this site. As a matter of fact, this site offers cheaper rates compared to other job boards. Moreover, the site gets tons of traffic. This is the reason it has become a great means of job search for job seekers.

Check out the American Hospital Directory

This service contains lots of data and statistics on more than 6000 hospitals across the globe. Actually, they collect information from lots of private and public sources. Moreover, they charge their clients and the clients may include medical device manufacturers and pharmaceutical companies for getting access to their content.

As a matter of fact, their service is ideal for nurses that are looking for nursing jobs in local hospitals.

So, If you have been looking for a nursing job, we suggest that you check out the job boards given above. They will help you look for your desired jobs in the area.

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Source by Shalini Madhav

Forensic Science History

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The “Eureka” legend of Archimedes (287-212 BC) can be considered an early account of the use of forensic science. In this case, by examining the principles of water displacement, Archimedes was able to prove that a certain crown was not made of gold, as it was being fraudulently claimed, by its density and buoyancy. The earliest account of using fingerprints to establish identity was during the 7th century AD. According to Soleiman, an Arabic merchant, a debtor’s fingerprints were affixed to a bill, which would then be given to the lender. This bill was henceforth, legally recognized as a proof of the validity of the debt.

The first written account of using medicine and entomology to solve criminal cases is attributed to the book Xi Yuan Ji Lu, translated as “Collected Cases of Injustice Rectified”, written in 1248 China by Song Ci (1186-1249). In one of the accounts, the case of a person murdered with a sickle was solved by a death investigator who instructed everyone to bring their sickles to one location. Flies, attracted by the smell of blood, eventually gathered only on a certain sickle. In the light of this, the murderer eventually confessed. The book also offered advice on how to distinguish between a drowning (water in the lungs) and strangulation (broken neck cartilage).

In sixteenth century Europe, medical practitioners in the army and university settings began to gather information on the cause and manner of death. Ambrose Paré, a French army surgeon, systematically studied the effects of violent death on internal organs. Two Italian surgeons, Fortunato Fidelis and Paolo Zacchia, laid the foundation of modern pathology by studying the changes that occurred in the structure of the body as a result of diseases. In the late 1700s, various writings on these topics began to appear. These included – “A Treatise on Forensic Medicine and Public Health” by the French physician Fodéré, and “The Complete System of Police Medicine” by the German medical expert Johann Peter Franck.

In 1775, a Swedish chemist by the name of Carl Wilhelm Scheele devised a way of detecting arsenous oxide, simple arsenic, in corpses, but only in large quantities. This investigation was expanded, in 1806, by a German chemist Valentin Ross, who learnt to detect the poison in the walls of a victim’s stomach, and by English chemist James Marsh, who used chemical processes to confirm arsenic as the cause of death in an 1836 murder trial.

Two early examples of English forensic science in individual legal proceedings demonstrated the increased use of logic and procedure in criminal investigations. In 1784, in Lancaster, England, a person called John Toms, was tried and convicted for murdering Edward Culshaw with a pistol. When the dead body of Culshaw was examined, a pistol wad, basically crushed paper used to secure powder and balls in the muzzle, which was found in his head wound, matched perfectly with a torn newspaper found in Toms’ pocket. In 1816, in Warwick, England, a farm laborer was tried and convicted for the murder of a young maidservant. She had been found drowned in a shallow pool and bore the marks of violent assault on her body. The police, upon investigating, found footprints and an impression from corduroy cloth with a sewn patch in the damp earth near the pool. They also found scattered grains of wheat and chaff from the scene of crime. The breeches of a farm laborer, who had been threshing wheat nearby, were examined and later corresponded exactly to the impression in the earth near the pool.

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Source by Elizabeth Morgan

How to Write a Good Management Consulting Resume?

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I want to apply to McKinsey, Bain, BCG, AT Kearney and Roland Berger. I guess you could say that I have been an outstanding student, with a good set of extra-curricular activities as well. On the other hand, I do not find that much good information on how to write a compelling management consulting resume. Could you explain me what an excellent management consulting resume should look like?

My reply:

I personally spend a good amount of time optimizing my resume (and cover letter) back in the days when I applied for Bain & Company, McKinsey & Company, BCG, Roland Berger, AT Kearney and AD Little. I eventually got a first round case interview invitation at each firm (and got an offer at all but one).

By now, I have screened quite a good amount of resumes at Bain & Company, so I will share my ideas on how to write a compelling management consulting curriculum vitae. Needless to say that these ideas do not only apply for Bain, but also apply for McKinsey, BCG and the like. Furthermore, keep in mind that regardless of whether you are an undergraduate applying for a business analyst position, or an MBA applying for an associate position; in the end the below tips and tricks are largely true (thus regardless on which entry level you are applying to).

The most important thing you have to keep in mind when you make your management consulting resume is to always keep in mind what the consulting firm is looking for (and include this on your resume). In the end, each consulting firm is more or less looking for the same elements on your resume. When I receive a resume, the first thing I always do, is simply check whether all key elements are demonstrated (preferably backed with numbers).

The next question is then: “What are these ‘elements’ that management consulting firms are looking for?” In the following I will give you an overview of each of these elements, and afterwards discuss why each one is important to a management consulting firm, and how you can best demonstrate your strong capability for each aspect.

The leading management consulting firms are looking for five key elements in resumes:

Top employers and/or renowned universities

Excellent academic performance

Strong analytical skills

Evidence of leadership and strong social skills

Extra-curricular activities

1. Top employers or renowned universities

When you receive a resume that says Harvard, Princeton, INSEAD, Cambridge or the like; it will immediately stand out. In the end, a management consulting firm will be billing you out to its clients for several ten-thousands of dollars month, and for this reason the client will want to know about your background. If the firm then can say you have a BA from Yale and an MA from Harvard, ‘your’ price tag will of course be easier to justify. Furthermore, being able to say you studied at one of these top-universities, also shows that you have already passed a difficult selection process to get in the specific school, which of course already well demonstrates your competencies. Regardless of this, you do not need to have studied at an Ivy League university to get a job in management consulting. In case you come from one of the many good universities of your country, you will definitely also make a shot at MBB. It will however then be even more important to be really convincing, and to clearly show your determination to work in management consulting.

Next to renowned universities, the management consulting firm will also be looking for top employers on your CV. In case you are a young graduate, this will moreover be an internship at a top-employer, and in case you would be an experienced hire, they will definitely be looking for previous (preferably high-profile) work experiences at some of the world’s top employers. Examples of such top-employers would include Google, Microsoft, Apple, P&G, Exxon Mobil, Merrill Lynch, etc. Again, you do not necessarily need to have worked at one of these companies to land an interview at MBB, but it would definitely give you an advantage in getting that important first interview. For this reason, if you are thinking to work in management consulting, try to do at least one internship in a leading corporations, as it will be a great experience, but also look very good on your resume.

2. Excellent academic performance

It is great of course if you have studied at Harvard or Yale, but if you there where one of the weakest performing student of your year, then this has far less meaning. A management consulting firm will be looking for the strongest students of the year to focus their recruiting efforts on. In the end, recruiting does cost quite a lot of money, and the firm knows that they will have a better chance of finding good potential hires if they focus on students with an excellent academic track. The management consulting firm will definitely look at your result for each year, but the weight (of importance) is definitely higher for your last years at university. Keep in mind that even if you apply for MBB to get a position as an industry hire, your university results will matter. Clearly you should never lie about your marks, but in case you had one ‘bad’ year, you could hide your result by replacing it by an aggregate score for multiple years together (in case this would be better).

3. Strong analytical skills

As a consultant you will always need to very analytical (and structured) on the job. For this reason, a management consulting firm will be on the lookout for people that have demonstrated strong analytical skills, for instance through excellent grades for math/science courses, or even better through a high score for (one of the standardized) tests such as SAT, GRE or GMAT. These tests make it easy for the firm to compare your score with other applicants, and obviously they will be looking for those with scores that are well-above average (though there is no specific cut-off). For this reason, it is important to on your resume include these scores, and demonstrate your strong analytical skills.

4. Evidence of leadership and strong social skills

Graduating from a top university, or having had a top position at one of the world’s leading corporations, together with continuous strong performance and excellent analytical skills will make you an interesting candidate for a management consulting firm. However, you will also need to demonstrate strong social and leadership skills on your resume to make you an excellent candidate. In the end, a consultant needs to work often aside with the client to create results, and good social skill will be key here. Furthermore, you will need to demonstrate your leadership skills, as the firm also wants to know whether you can manage and steer a client team or (potentially at a later stage) your colleagues. For this reason, you should definitely include projects/events where you demonstrated strong leadership and social skills. This could be an (important) event that you have organized, a (small) business you had set up with your friends while you were a student, etc. Keep in mind that if you have a very technical background (example Math major at MIT), you should even more proof your social and leadership skills on your resume.

5. Extra-curricular activities

It is definitely possible that you already included some extra-curricular activities on your resume to demonstrate your social and/or leadership skills, as discussed above. Regardless of this, try to think (further) about the ten most important/impressive achievements/projects in your life (it can take a fair amount of time to make a good top ten), and think about which ones you would include on your resume. The rule on what to include is simple; if you feel it would be valuable to discuss during a case interview (or have your interviewer be aware of it) than you should include it; otherwise not. Examples could for instance be an award-winning paper you wrote, your selection for the (Under 21) Olympics ice skating team, a (prominent) summer course you participated in, etc. These do not really fall under the four categories above, but would nonetheless be good additions to your resume.

Other things to keep in mind when developing your resume:

1) Keep in mind that your resume should show excellent performance in each single year. You do not want the CV to be thinking that you had a weak performance during one or two particular years. Ensure each year looks impressive; if you had one weaker year at university, think about specific things you realized that year to compensate for the weaker marks.

2) Also keep in mind the formatting (or design) of your resume. It definitely does matter, and the reason for this is simple. To make a simple analogy; Imagine buying a beautiful diamond ring for your fiancé, and putting it in a carton box. This would kill the entire experience, and the reason is simply because the package does matter. In the end, the design of your resume does to extent say something about you. A management consulting firm is looking for a well-structured and ‘clean’ person. Therefore ensure your resume is well-formatted to demonstrate these values. It should be easy-to-read (or skim-through) and appealing to the eye. Keep in mind however that an enormous amount of different formats could definitely work. The most important thing however is that your major accomplishments are easy to read.

3) Lastly, definitely keep in mind to include your language proficiency. Where in the US it is often good enough to master English, it is always great to be able to show you also speak Spanish or even Chinese. In European countries it is generally required in management consulting to at least speak two languages (native language & English), and more languages are even more a bonus in Europe.

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Source by Tom Rochtus

The Job Interview Technique That Will Blow Away the Competition

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As a person who has worked with a lot of individuals looking for new jobs or careers, I’ve been asked if I could recommend a “magic bullet” strategy – a job interview technique that would just about ensure my client the job. I also have helped many people learn how to survive a job interview without throwing up (yes, some people get very nervous about that job interview!).

The answer, of course is, “No, there is no magic bullet.” But you already knew that! Let’s face it, we all hope that there will be something – somehow – that, if only we know what it is, will help us get the job so we can stop worrying and get back to work.

Having said that, there are certain things that you can do to better your odds of getting that job offer. Let’s start with reviewing what MOST people do when they are honing their job interview technique skills.

Some people think that if they just practice answering the tough interview questions that they think they’ll be asked, that will be enough to know how to survive a job interview. They make sure that they have a clean suit of clothes for the interview. They make sure that they know exactly how long it will take to get to the office for the interview, and they allow time for traffic or other unforeseen circumstances.

They make sure they brush their teeth before the interview, and they bring copies of their resumes, references, and portfolio if they have one. They make sure that they write a thank you note and pop it into the mail shortly after the interview.

Ahem… At least I HOPE that’s what everyone is doing!

But that’s not what the most eager and most prepared job seeker does. And, in fact, none of those aforementioned things will teach you how to survive a job interview. But, there is something that will. Something that will actually make you feel pretty excited about the job interview! Here it is. Ready? (Drum roll, please)

The best job interview technique is to bring something to the interview – something to give to your interviewer. I’m not talking about bringing a gift or flowers. I’m not talking about bringing a bribe.

I’m not talking about bringing pictures of your kids who will surely starve if you don’t get this job.

I’m talking about bringing something relevant to the job you are going after. Bring an article you found in the paper about the company (be sure it’s a favorable article!). If you are going for a public relations position, bring an article you’ve written about the company that they might use. Bring an idea of how you intend to specifically meet the company’s needs – needs that you already uncovered when you researched the company before you even applied!

Does this sound too simple? Well, it does take time and effort on your part to put forth the effort that you are intending to show on the job to begin with, does it not? So, why not show your potential employer right from the get go that you’ve got what they need! Don’t just talk about it, show them!

Think about it – if you want to know how to survive a job interview, and you need an outstanding job interview technique, does it not make sense to prepare for something that THEY are not expecting to see? How powerful! And think of the confidence you will feel when you enter the room.

And, you probably won’t throw up after all!

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Source by Kathy Tremblay

6 Types Of Puppet Stages

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Just like there are different kinds of puppets, there are different kinds of puppet stages. This article talks about 6 different types of puppet stages.


One church we ministered at had formed chicken wire in the shape of a tree which they covered with papier-mâché to give it a textured look. The tree had several large knotholes for puppets to appear in and also had a large branch that puppets could come up behind. This was a permanent stage, and was well done.

Doorway Theater

Use a tight fitting curtain rod or pipe with rubber stoppers at the ends in a doorway. (An adjustable tension curtain rod works well for this.) You can place a blanket or sheet over the rod once it is in place or thread a curtain on the rod before putting it up. One nice advantage in this type of theater is you can easily adjust it to the height of your puppeteer.

There are a couple of disadvantages to this type of stage, though. You are limited by the size of the doorway. If it is a standard 36″ door, you might squeeze two puppeteers in, but it will be tight. Another disadvantage is that the door might not be in a good place in the room and you may need to add a plain colored piece of material behind it to block out what’s in the next room. Also, if it is the only entrance to the room, it could cause problems if someone wanted to get in or needed to get out of the room during the play.

Strong Cardboard Box

This works for a temporary theater but isn’t durable enough for a permanent one unless you have a good supply and can replace pieces as needed. We used this as an extension of our normal theater when doing a Christmas play. The scene was a toy store and we used cardboard boxes covered with wrapping paper as shelves for the toys. Several toys were puppets that “came to life” when the owners left.

A Wooden Theater

You can build several different styles of wood theaters. A camp near us designed a set using a western theme. They had a bunkhouse on one side, a wooden fence in the middle, and a ranch house on the other side. Puppets could appear over the fence or in the windows or doorways of either house.

At a church we attended, we built a puppet house. It consisted of a wall across the width of the room, out about three feet from one end. We built it so it looked like the side of a house with a large window on one side, a door in the middle, and a small window on the other side. To give it the effect of the side of a house, we used 1″ X 6″ Novelty Siding. We also added a roof using cedar shingles. To the right of the door was a 36″ TV and our sound system. We also had it set so we could place a white dry-erase board over the doorway.

Wood Frame Theater

When our team consisted of more than eight members, our old theater wasn’t large enough. We also did some outdoor programs and found the wind caused problems with our regular theater; so we decided to build a new, sturdier theater.

We first constructed several wood frames using 1″ X 3″ boards. The frames were a little over 4′ high and 2′ wide and held together using L-shape brackets and screws. We then stretched fabric over the frames and stapled it in the back. Hinges with removable pins were attached to the back so the pieces could be hooked together. The frames were then attached together forming a half-circle.

Next we used 1″ X 3″ boards to make a frame 6′ long by 3′ wide and covered it with cloth like the smaller frames. Then we used 1″ X 3″ X 6′ for the back uprights and bolted the frame crosswise across the top to make the backdrop for the theater. The upright boards were bolted to the end frames. The effect was similar to a PVC pipe theater.

PVC Pipe Frame Theater

This is our most often used theater which has 2″ X 6″ wood bases and a frame constructed out of 1 ½” PVC pipe that can be purchased at most hardware stores. Curtains are threaded over the pipes for the final look. There are many advantages to using this type of theater. They are durable, lightweight and portable, easy to assemble or disassemble, sturdy, easy to maintain, fairly inexpensive, and are not too difficult to make.

There are 6 different types of stages. Choose the one that best fits your needs, add some imagination and creativity, and see what happens.

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Source by Timothy P Brown

Student Certificates of Achievement

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A great teacher is one who acknowledges and rewards EVERY single student that he or she works with – and that includes the ‘naughty’ ones. Yes, the naughty ones can be rewarded for all sorts of things – good behaviour, a positive change in attitude, hard work or more focus on subject. There are so many things that you can reward your student for using student certificates.

A student certificate can have a big effect on some students. For instance, a young person who has low self esteem or low confidence may think that they are not good enough. They may believe that they will never achieve anything in their life. Why? Because someone or some event made them think that way! Many young people’s behaviour came from the experiences they had, a negative parent thoughtless siblings, a traumatic event. And, it had it may have had a profound effect on them.

You as a teacher can make a huge difference in a young person’s life. If you are a good teacher you already know that. You can put back what was taken away – love, respect, acknowledgement, kindness, caring, compassion and empathy. When you show a young person you care about them then that’s when you are in the business of changing lives.

Many successful teachers and I mean those teachers who get positive responses and actions from their students know the value of student certificates. They know that most young people value them because they are being valued. Young people need acknowledged regularly. You might just be one of those teachers, but if not you can be.

You might be that teacher in your school that other teachers envy because you get so much more from the students that they don’t. Quite simply, its because you listen to them and treat them the way you would be like to be treated. You might even get on their wavelength like Jaimie Escalante did. They made a film about called Stand and Deliver – a wonderful film that every teacher should watch. 

There are many reasons for you to give out student certificates. Here are a few:

Outstanding Achievement

Completion of a Subject

Most kind person

Most helpful person

Most changed person


Change in attitude

Someone doing something remarkable (saving a life, helping another person or animal)

You can give them out weekly, monthly or at the end of term. You might want to give them out on special occasions to someone who has done something out of the ordinary. Don’t undervalue a small piece of paper with your signature and a student’s name on it. It goes a long, long way and is definitely a great investment in time or money.

There are many people in this world who have kept their student certificates for many, many years. Why? Because it takes them back to the time when they were valued! Make a difference in a young person’s life and find a reason to acknowledge them through student certificates.

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Source by Tom Mickinnon Hendry

Administrative Support Resume – Got Accomplishments?

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Identifying professional accomplishments for use on a resume is not always easy. That’s especially true if you’re writing a clerical or administrative support resume, as much of the job of administrative or office support doesn’t lend itself to the kind of dramatic accomplishments that move mountains and launch battleships. Still, professional accomplishments breathe life into a resume, and provide an opportunity to get a leg up on your competition.

Identifying Accomplishments For Your Administrative Support Resume

Staring at blank paper when it comes to accomplishments for a clerical or administrative support resume? Try asking yourself a series of probing questions about your job that force you to think beyond the everyday duties you perform. Here are some to get you started.

– Did you improve the office filing system? If so, an accomplishment might sound like: Designed and implemented an improved file management system that reduced file backlog from four days to one.

– Were you instrumental in an office startup or expansion? If so, an accomplishment might sound like: Established office procedures supporting a 200% increase in medical staff with no subsequent increase in support personnel.

– Did you do anything that improved the efficiency or speed of office procedures? If so, an accomplishment might sound like: Developed a tracking and call-back system for delinquent accounts that reduced A/R collection period by 50%.

– Did you save your company money? If so, an accomplishment might sound like: Reduced insurance expenses by $15,000 in a single year by re-negotiating malpractice, health and disability insurance policies.

– Were you involved in the transition of something technical? If so, an accomplishment might sound like: Upgraded and migrated 5 office computers to a UNIX-based platform.

– Did you receive training, or did you initiate a learning experience outside your job description? If so, an accomplishment might sound like: Enrolled in evening university classes (labor and employment law) to better assist legal staff in case work.

– Were you recognized for your performance? If so, an accomplishment might sound like: Received numerous customer comments and correspondence–as well as a company bonus–in recognition for exemplary customer service.

Your Administrative Support Resume – Speaking To Your Next Boss

Keep the questions coming until you’ve identified a number of accomplishments that will not only look good on the resume, but speak directly to the kind of position you’re seeking. If your paper is still blank after this exercise, make a commitment this day to begin keeping a journal of the contributions you make to your company. Remembered and recorded, professional accomplishments will serve you long after the initial accolades.

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Source by David Alan Carter