An architectural work is not experienced as a series of isolated retinal pictures, but in its full and integrated material,Â embodied and spiritual essence.
Architecture and the body are inextricably connected. We design architecture for the whole body, and we experience itÂ through all of our senses. We can think of this connection in several ways. First, architecture is sound, touch, taste, sight, andÂ movement. This haptic (all the senses) experience of architecture implies that the visual or the intellectual are not dominant.
The architect Tadao Ando wrote: âThe philosophical alienation of the body from the mind has resulted in the absence ofÂ embodied experience from almost all contemporary theories of meaning in architecture.â A second way of thinking about theÂ body in architecture is through the work of theorists such as the 19th century
German philosopher Theodore Lipps, whoseÂ âEmpathy Theoryâ framed the visual experience as the primary understanding of the tectonics of architecture. When weÂ experience a structure, we feel the forces in the building in our own body.
For this paper, read the texts below, then select ONE of the following essay topics on which to relate the readings to yourÂ architectural experiences. The paper should be typed, 56Â pages, 12ptÂ font, Â double spaced,Â with 1 inchÂ margins. The paperÂ grade will be in two parts: content and style. Content is your thesis and how well you argue it, and style is the structure,Â grammar, and technical aspect of the paper, such as use of proper citations. Citations are footnotes or endnotes that give theÂ source of the information, idea, or quote of someone other than the author.
Paper topic options: PICK ONE
the Perez Art Museum Miami (PAMM) by the renowned firm Herzog and de Meuron and its adjacent park. When you
are there, note how your senses are engaged in different ways. Move beyond a visual description to a haptic one. Does the
building or space have a smell or taste? Is there a specific quality of the sound in one area or another? What are the effects of
different materials, of greenery, of layers of enclosure?
You do not need to pay admission to experience the exterior of the building, the bookshop, cafÃ©, and the park, but if you
choose to go inside the museum, it is free on the first Thursday of the month (10:00am9:
00pm) or with reduced admission for
students during regular hours. PAMM is accessible by the Metromover at the Museum Park Station.
the PAMM building and Leon Krierâs Glasgow Hall here at UMSOA, and look at them through the lens of âempathy
theory.â How does your body âreadâ the tectonics of each building? How does each make your body âfeel? How do the
buildings control movement through the spaces and how or where people gather? What is the influence of the materials and
structure on the tectonic expression?
Ando, Tadao. âShintai and Space,â in Architecture and Body, ed. Scott Marble, et al (New York: Rizzoli, 1988), np.
Frampton, Kenneth. âIntimations of Tactility: Excerpts from a Fragmentary Polemic,â with Dimitri Pikionis, âSentimental
Topography,â in Architecture and Body, ed. Scott Marble, et al (New York: Rizzoli, 1988), np. [This is an unusual graphic
layout where two essays are run concurrently].
Rasmussen, Steen Eiler. âContrasting Effects of Solids and Cavities,â in Experiencing Architecture (Cambridge: MIT Press,
1959Í¾ reprint 1985), pp.5682.
Pallasmaa, Juhani. The Eyes of the Skin: Architecture and the Senses (Chichester: Wiley & Sons). [Available online through
the University of Miami library]
Note also that lectures by Pallasmaa are available here:
Each paper will receive two grades, one for Content and one for Style. The average of these two grades is the final grade for
formation of a thesis
ability and strength of arguing the thesis
use of appropriate examples and tying them to the thesis
there an introduction? A conclusion?
use of citations
use of architectural terminology
All citations should be footnotes or endnotes as per Chicago Manual of Style (not in the body of the text), and they should be
accompanied by a bibliography of the works you studied.
â¢ The Chicago Manual of Style: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/home.htmlâalso available online through the UMÂ Library
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