Different theoretical frameworks help us address different questions and inform our understanding of the past. For this
assignment, select an archaeological topic of your choice and discuss how archaeologists working under Processual and
Postprocessual frameworks have explored this topic. What types of questions does each group address? Are these
findings complementary or contradictory (in other words, is there room for both viewpoints)? The topic should not be too
broad (i.e. the Romans, the peopling of the New World, human evolution), and should be more specific, such as the nature
of rulership or class stratification within a specific culture, a historical event (such as the Classic Maya Collapse), a specific
archaeological site or class of objects, the role of certain individuals within a specific society, or the nature of cultural
change within a site. If in doubt, consult with your professor whether the topic is adequate or practical for this assignment.
For this assignment, you will need to thoroughly research the topic that you select so that you are aware of the major
debates and intellectual trajectories of related scholarly research over time. Although some background information may
be necessary, the paper should not read as a culture history of the topic. Rather, the bulk of the essay should directly
engage with theoretical issues surrounding your topic, and potential strengths and weaknesses of the different theoretical
positions that scholars working on your topic have used based on what you have learned in this class.
Format: Times New Roman 12 pt. font or Calibri 11 pt. font, doublespaced
margins on top, bottom, and sides.
Pages should be numbered and stapled together or bound in a folder. Significant points will be deducted if these basic
requirements are not met.
Additional requirements: Your paper must include a title page and a bibliography or works cited page, which do not count
toward your essayâs page count.
Citation: Any and all ideas taken from a written source must be properly cited. Unpublished or nonpeerreviewed
sources should be used sparingly if at all. Any widely used academic citation format is acceptable (such as MLA or
Chicago), although I prefer Social Sciences, which uses intext
citations denoted by: (authorâs last name year: page
numbers), ex. (Johnson 2010: 124), and a bibliography at the end. Cite any and all information that is attributable to a
Quotation: Avoid it. Do not use quotations unless quoting a source in which the exact wording is crucial. Itâs best to put
others thoughts into your own words, as it is usually more effective and does not disrupt the flow of reading
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